Winona Dyslexia Group

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Orton Gillingham

What is the Orton-Gillingham Teaching Approach?

Orton-Gillingham is an instructional approach intended mainly for those who are experiencing the learning and language problems associated with dyslexia. This approach is most often a one-on-one individualized teaching method.

This teaching method was founded around the 1930's by Samuel T. Orton and Anna Gillingham. Samuel Orton was a neuropsychiatrist and a pathologist who focused on reading problems and language processing difficulties. Around 1925, Orton had identified the syndrome of dyslexia as an educational problem. Anna Gillingham was not a scientist, but an educator and a psychologist. With the encouragement of Dr. Orton, she wrote, and later published, books and other educational materials. This provided the foundation to train teachers in what would become the Orton-Gillingham approach.